This paper will compare the cases involving online community exercising freedom of expression online in Bosna and Herzegovina and in Serbia, and especially reflect on a legal framework of these two countries regulating freedom of expression on the Internet. Particular attention will be given to the most recent legislation passed in Republika Srpska’s when the National Assembly voted in February 2015 to adapt its Law on Public Peace and Order to include social media, international advocates of freedom of expression raised an alarm. In short, according to many freedom of expression experts, the Law on Public Peace and Order is vague in interpreting what might constitute a breach of public order, and carries fines and the threat of imprisonment even for the content on the Internet. It comes after several cases of alleged censorship, and physical intimidation of media professionals in Bosnia and Herzegovina over the past several years that seems to be gaining momentum. These events will be compared to the ones in Serbia, and the restrictions on freedom of expression particularly in times of state emergency.